Latest News

Tuesday, November 15, 2011 - 10:40
Robert Aten November 7, 2011 | 10:28am Successful decentralization of the public sector in Indonesia, which started in the late 1990s helped prevent the collapse of the Indonesian state and encouraged economic growth.  It is now possible to draw lessons from the Indonesian experience that could be applied to situations elsewhere, such as the Arab Spring.   East Timor seceded from Indonesia in 1999, following a popular referendum.  This separation was violent in part because Indonesia strenuously resisted the region’s independence.  Many lives were lost.  At the time several other Indonesian provinces were threatening to follow (e.g., Aceh, Papua, Maluku, North Maluku).  Conflict (in some cases armed conflict) over racial matters, religious issues, and the economics of natural resources grew, threatening to spin out of control.     At the central government level, there was fear that the Indonesian state would collapse...Read More
Tuesday, November 15, 2011 - 10:21
Sadaf  Lakhani November 14, 2011 | 1:43pm Arresting violent conflict is simply one of the first steps of many on the path from conflict to sustainable peace. After the end of violence, war-ravaged infrastructure must be rebuilt, security and rule of law reestablished all over the country, citizens' basic needs met, and the economy restructured or revitalized in order to support long-lasting peace.   One of the key actors in post-conflict economies are endogenous entrepreneurs, or local actors who- either through necessity or opportunity -undertake new financial ventures, often creating and applying innovations in the process. Capital flight during conflict results in an economy that has been lacking in investments over a long period of time.  Not surprisingly, most private economic agents are unwilling to invest in politically uncertain times that are often accompanied by continued physical insecurities in parts of the state, macro-economic instability...Read More
Friday, November 11, 2011 - 14:55
  Social media powered up the Arab Spring and has created a new space for how history will remember its events. D. Parvaz Last Modified: 06 Nov 2011 11:59 Every revolution has multiple narratives - from city blocks to city halls, from the streets and from the state. But what tends to survive is the official version - often shaped by whatever state or government either survives or is formed after the dust has settled. Even though the shape of things to come remains quite blurry in Tunisia, Egypt and Syria, it’s far too soon to tell what the power structures will in fact look like, what level of reform they deliver and if those reforms will satisfy the cries of those who took to the streets calling for change. One thing, however, is clear: The recollection of these revolutions, uprisings or periods of unrest (call them what you will) will not be left to official, state records - they have already been chronicled, largely by the...Read More
Friday, November 11, 2011 - 11:07
By JOSH KRON Published: November 9, 2011   NAIROBI, Kenya — First, Cmdr. Ntabo Ntaberi Sheka ordered his militia to join an attack on a group of villages in eastern Congo, where the fighters gang-raped at least 387 women, men, girls and boys, according to a United Nationsreport of the atrocities.Now he wants the villagers’ votes.   Commander Sheka, who is wanted by the Congolese government for his involvement in the 2010 mass rape, in the Walikale area of eastern Congo, is one of the most vivid symbols of Congo’s lingering insecurity and impunity as the country prepares for its second general elections since the end of its civil war.   Even with an arrest warrant hanging over his head, Commander Sheka, the leader of the Congolese rebel group Mai-Mai Sheka, is running to represent Walikale in Parliament.   More than a week into the campaign season, violence and controversy are bubbling up. Many analysts...Read More
Thursday, November 10, 2011 - 11:01
November 2011 | News Feature November 8, 2011 The Arab-Israeli peace process has failed for 16 years, in part because past presidents have either been “over involved” or “under involved,” according to foreign policy scholar Aaron David Miller. “We have not yet found the right balance for American diplomacy,” he said at a USIP event on the peace process Nov. 2, one of several panels that focused on the prospects for peace in the Middle East. Miller appeared on a panel moderated by the PBS Newshour’s Margaret Warner that included Daniel Kurtzer, a senor member of the U.S. delegation to the Madrid Conference, Samuel Lewis, a former ambassador to Israel, and Shibley Telhami, from the University of Maryland. The daylong event at USIP headquarters in Washington – “Twenty Years after Madrid: Lessons Learned and the Way Forward for Arab-Israeli Peacemaking,” came days after a controversial...Read More
Thursday, November 10, 2011 - 10:59
The Academy for International Conflict Management and Peacebuilding is the education and training arm of the United States Institute of Peace and runs the  National Peace Essay Contest based on the belief that questions about peace, justice, freedom, and security are vital to civic education. Each year over 1,100 students submit entries to the essay contest while thousands more participate in related writing and other classroom exercises in high schools around the country. First-place state winners receive scholarships and are invited to Washington for a five-day awards program. The Institute pays for expenses related to the program, including travel, lodging, meals and entertainment. This unique five-day program promotes an understanding of the nature and process of international peacemaking by focusing on a region and/or theme related to the current essay contest.   NATIONAL PEACE ESSAY CONTEST 2011-2012 TOPIC AND QUESTION The Impact of New Media on...Read More
Thursday, November 10, 2011 - 10:46
by Fatima Outaleb 08 November 2011 Rabat - According to a recent study by Morocco’s High Commission for Planning, the national institute for statistical analysis, 68 per cent of Moroccan women have experienced domestic violence and 48 per cent have been subjected to psychological abuse. This is a shocking statistic and reveals how much more there is still left to be done in terms of women’s rights. But the encouraging news is that women's organisations in Morocco over the past 20 years have managed to transform the issue of domestic violence from a private concern to a public and political issue. Women’s rights associations began emerging in the 1990s to raise awareness about the alarming violence and discrimination women were subjected to and to change the situation. The Family Law, which was first drafted in 1957, allowed marriage at a young age and stipulated that the onus was on women to prove they were victims of domestic violence if they wanted to...Read More
Thursday, November 10, 2011 - 10:38
by Ninoska Marcano M. 08 November 2011 Vienna, Virginia - As controversial state laws on immigration continue to be at the forefront of national debate in the United States, so is the sentiment that Americans are drifting away from their multicultural national identity. Americans are asking: Is the United States a multicultural nation? What does an “illegal alien” look like? What policy should the government embrace when it comes to immigration? The United States claims to be a nation of multiple identities, yet it is unable or unwilling to embrace the kind of national immigration reform that would provide undocumented immigrants of all nationalities with a chance to prove their regard for the law by allowing them to obtain temporary work visas, pay taxes, legally participate in their communities and help them integrate into American culture in hopes of attaining citizenship. Instead, the nation’s immigration practices instil fear in immigrants...Read More
Thursday, November 10, 2011 - 10:37
by Matthew L. Skinner and Joshua M. Z. Stanton 08 November 2011 New York, New York - Picture this: an Iraqi reporter becomes interested in the work of a Jewish student in Israel after reading an article about Jewish-Muslim relations in medieval Spain that the student published online. The reporter contacts the student and interviews him about future prospects for Jewish-Muslim coexistence. As the student in this story and co-author of this article, Joshua Stanton knows first-hand how technology is reshaping the way people of different religions interact. To start with, he and the Iraqi reporter would never have connected without the Internet, which enabled them to bypass regional politics and borders. Yet the Internet’s potential can yield various outcomes. Despite our increased connectivity, people of different faith traditions remain all too likely to talk past one another. Just look at the comments section of any online news article. The Internet also allows...Read More
Wednesday, November 9, 2011 - 16:29
by Ziad Khalil Abu Zayyad 08 November 2011 Jerusalem - In a development that gave the Palestinian leadership a significant hand up, the United Nation’s Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) became the first international organisation to admit Palestine as a full member last week despite strong opposition from several member countries. This is the first reward for Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’ efforts to see Palestine accepted as a member into key international organisations. While this achievement has not changed the reality on the ground, and despite the gap between Israelis and the Palestinians being wider than ever, the UNESCO vote suggests an opportunity for the UN to become a positive agent of change in resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The UN, in charge of protecting human rights and democratic values across the world, is the most appropriate international body to take up an important role in helping both sides...Read More
Wednesday, November 9, 2011 - 16:24
by Ahmed Kadhum Fahad 08 November 2011 Nasiriyah, Iraq - On 22 October, US President Barack Obama announced that all US troops would leave Iraq by the end of this year. Since then, people inside and outside Iraq have been speculating about what will happen next. While many political commentators are focusing on what the United States needs to do, it is also important to consider Iraq’s response – both to its newly gained independence and its relationship with the United States. While it is unclear how the full withdrawal will affect Iraq, some things are certain. Conflict among Iraq’s different political parties will likely continue. The Iraqi government is still struggling to resolve disputes over who should hold ministerial positions for the Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Defense. And political blocs continue to argue over the allocation of seats after the last election, focusing less on improving basic services for Iraqi citizens. Despite...Read More
Wednesday, November 9, 2011 - 16:17
by John Filson 08 November 2011 Washington, DC - US President Barack Obama recently confirmed that he will bring US troops home from Iraq by the end of the year and, at the same time, reiterated that the United States will remain committed to an Iraq that is “stable, secure and self-reliant”, with institutions that are “just, representative and accountable.” The future of Iraq, however, hinges not on the status of US troops or its deep oil wells but on whether Iraqis can muster a sense of hope in their collective future. Iraqis waiting for hours in line for gasoline or fanning away flies until the electricity comes back on are understandably sceptical of government promises. They bear the scars of their own government’s dismal history. They also believe the United States has its own interests in mind, and does not have unlimited political will to slough through decades of messy, expensive problem solving. Many Iraqis believe life has not...Read More
Wednesday, November 9, 2011 - 16:13
November 2011 | News Feature by Thomas Omestad November 8, 2011 Palestinians have not yet been able to build “the foundations of a sustainable economy,” Mohammad Mustafa, chairman and CEO of The Palestine Investment Fund, told an audience at the “Twenty Years after Madrid” conference at the United States Institute of Peace on Nov 2.   Mustafa delivered his assessment at a panel on the “Economy of Peace” that included Israeli and American specialists on regional economic cooperation.   Mustafa argued that the central problem for the Palestinian economy stems from politics—the overwhelming Israeli role in Palestinian economic matters that will continue until the Israeli-Palestinian relationship is redefined in a future political settlement. “The Palestinian Authority has not been able to control its resources,” he said. He cited the example that the PA needs Israeli permission to...Read More
Wednesday, November 9, 2011 - 16:12
November 2011 | On the Issues by Daniel Brumberg November 7, 2011 This week, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is scheduled to release a report on the status of Iran’s nuclear weapons program. USIP’s Dan Brumberg discusses the possible impact of the report. What is the report expected to say? The report will focus, in part, on intelligence provided to the IAEA concerning a former Soviet nuclear scientist -- Vyacheslav Danilenko -- who apparently provided Iran with some of the key technical information needed to build the high precision detonators required for triggering a nuclear chain reaction. It was generally assumed by U.S. intelligence that Iranian efforts to advance "weaponization" had stopped in 2003. But if these new reports are credible, it appears that their efforts may have never ceased, and indeed accelerated in the last few years. The central concern of the international community is that this...Read More
Tuesday, November 8, 2011 - 14:58
Sebagai bagian dari rangkaian kegiatan Penelitian Kolaboratif antara FISIP UI dan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), FISIP UI akan mengadakan acara Public Lecture dengan tema "Political Development and Transformation in Malaysia", yang akan diselenggarakan pada:   Hari, tanggal: Jumat, 11 November 2011 Waktu: Pukul 14.00 - 16.00 WIB Tempat: Ruang Soelaiman Soemardi Multimedia Center (SSMC), Gedung C lantai 2, FISIP UI Adapun pembicara yang akan hadir adalah sebagai berikut: 1. Dr. Mohd. Kamarulnizam Abdullah dari School of History, Politics, and Strategic Studies, UKM 2. Dr. Fauzi Sukimi dari School of Social Development and Environment, UKM Kehadiran dan partisipasi rekan-rekan dalam acara tersebut sangat diharapkan. Terima kasih.   Read More
Tuesday, November 8, 2011 - 13:59
  by Mitchell Plitnick (washington) Thursday, November 03, 2011Inter Press Service Veteran U.S. diplomats and scholars who have worked for decades on resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict have grown increasingly pessimistic about the continued viability of the U.S.- sponsored 'peace process' and the two-state solution that was presumed to be its goal.   'Things look as bleak today as they did before Madrid,' said former Secretary of State James Baker at a major gathering in Washington this week, in a reference to the landmark Middle East conference in the Spanish capital exactly 20 years ago this week. 'The peace process is not dead, but it is on life support.' 'What is lacking is leadership and political will and, regrettably, (that lack) is on the part of the United States, and that has been the case in both Republican and Democratic administrations,' Baker told the audience at the U.S. Institute of Peace which, along with Baker's Institute for...Read More
Tuesday, November 8, 2011 - 10:34
    Forum Kajian Antropologi Indonesia bekerjasama dengan Sekretariat Negara RI Sekretariat Wakil Presiden, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Indonesia dan Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia mengundang Saudara/i untuk menghadiri seminar: KOENTJARANINGRAT MEMORIAL LECTURE VIII/2011 Selasa, 29 November 2011, 08:00 – 13:00 Auditorium Pusat Studi Jepang, Universitas Indonesia – Depok  Meneropong Keindonesiaan dalam Kepapuaan: Menuju Dialog untuk Memutus Siklus Konflik dan Kekerasan di Papua   Bagaimana mengembangkan keindonesiaan yang diterima di Tanah Papua sebagai bagian yang tak terpisahkan dari identitas kepapuaan? Bagaimana mengubah wajah Indonesia yang mengancam dan penuh dengan kekerasan menjadi wajah Indonesia yang merangkul dan melindungi? Berbagai cara untuk mendamaikan dan menyelesaikan masalah sudah ditempuh oleh berbagai lembaga baik pemerintah maupun non pemerintah. Namun tegaknya hak-hak warga Papua masih...Read More
Monday, November 7, 2011 - 12:23
“The relevant leaderships should capitalize on their recent boosts in domestic popularity to pursue serious progress towards peace.” On  September  23rd, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas  submitted  an  application  to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon,  to admit Palestine as a  full-state member of the U.N. The United States publicly committed itself to vetoing any eventual vote in the Security Council, asserting  that a  return  to direct negotiations  is  the only viable path  to a two-state solution.   President Abbas could have avoided a protracted and likely-unsuccessful Security Council bid in favor of a more certain, yet watered down, General Assembly vote. However, he likely calculated that a retreat from a long-promised (or threatened, in the eyes of Israel and the United States) Security Council bid would be domestically disastrous. Palestinian expectations were...Read More
Monday, November 7, 2011 - 11:22
University of Indonesia International Relation Students Association's Global Festival 2011 invites all college students from all over ASEAN continent to take part in its one and only photography and article writing competition! We invite you to be a part of ASEAN’s struggle in achieving the goal of its yearly chairmanship by submitting us your masterpiece! - PHOTOGRAPHY COMPETITION Theme: “The Faces of ASEAN” Mark your calendars! 11 November 2011 (Submission deadline GMT +7) 14 November – 24 November 2011 (Scoring by judges) 29 November 2011 – 1 December 2011 (Photo display at University of Indonesia) 1 December 2011 (Winner announcement) Terms and Conditions 1. Fill the application form. You can download it at our website of www.globfest.com 2. Photographs must be in digital format. Only online entries will be eligible.- Photograhps need not only be taken with DSLR camera, all other types as long as it supports digital output...Read More
Friday, November 4, 2011 - 15:27
2 November 2011 Syria has accepted a peace plan proposed by the Arab League to end more than seven months of violence, the League says. The statement came after Arab League officials met in Cairo to negotiate a solution to the turmoil. The agreement includes the release of prisoners, the withdrawal of security forces from the streets and talks between the government and opposition. President Bashar al-Assad has sought to put down protests since March. Correspondents say it is not yet clear whether it will make a difference on the ground. Freedom of movement "The Arab League welcomes the Syrian government's agreement to the Arab plan," the statement said, according to Reuters news agency. The statement added that the League "emphasised the need for the immediate, full and exact implementation of the articles in the plan." Under the agreement, Syria will immediately cease violence and withdraw security forces from cities. Syria will also allow journalists,...Read More

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